Can and Should Sociology be Value Free. this essay is about the aim of sociology that is to be value free and whether it can and should achieve that aim
2132 WordsJan 4th, 20049 Pages
The term value neutrality was used by Weber to indicate the necessary objectivity researchers need when investigating problems in the natural sciences. Weber even though had introduced the term and accepted a scientific in the study of sociology, he did not believed that absolute objectivity is attainable.
Weber said that value neutrality should be the primary aim in sociology but it cannot be obtained since sociology is the study of human behaviors and society thus making it prone to personal views and value judgments. He recognized that values would influence the choice of topics for study. The reason for his claim was, sociologists had to choose from the vast knowledge in sociology to be studied. Inevitably, this will result value…show more content…
According to Max Weber, individuals view the world from a value laden perspective. It is impossible to exclude feelings, personal views and judgments, since human beings the subject matter for sociology have feelings, emotions and consciousness.
For example, Karl Marx, the founder of Marxism believed that social stratification is not functional to society, defying many Functionalists' claim. One can argue that Marx had just made a value judgment based on his own ideas on how the society should be run. It can also be argued that though social stratification is said to be supporting status quo, it is functional in maintaining social solidarity by providing the most important positions in society to the most highly motivated and qualified people.
Values and facts in the study of sociology cannot be separated. According to Alvin Gouldner, similar to a Minotaur, where the bull and the man cannot be separated, values enter every stage in sociology. Sociologists would inevitably use the concept of 'domain assumption in their research. Domain assumption refers to the assumption made or things in the process of proving the theories that are taken for granted by the researches. Sociologists act on their taken for granted assumption. For example, functionalists claim that society is and will always be in the state of balanced and stabled. How do they know that society is always in the state of balance? Clearly their
What is freedom? Is it an absolute right? We are born to become free. Freedom is defined from different aspects ,and according to different cultures,freedom varies from culture to another.Some define freedom as a natural right,the human being is born with.Everyone wants to be free and independent from others.Freedom is the right to do what one wants,live where he wants,eat what he wants,learns what he wants,and chooses the religion in which he believes,without ignoring or harming other rights.
How can we live free? From my point of view, we can live free by respecting otherُs rights to live free too.We can not ignore the rights of people with whome we live in the society.We can not simply do what we want and ignore others.We must take other people rights into consideration.
The idea behind freedom is to be respectful and useful to our society.Freedom is important to evryone.If some one is deprived from this innate right,he will definitely feel as if he is not a respectfu human being.When freedom is guaranteed,I can think freely,go where i want,say my opinion without fear from people who would not like my opinion.Freedom of opinion is among the most important branches of freedom .In some societies where freedom of opinion is not guranteed by the authority,the creativity of mind is killed and burried.Society is the largest and biggest loser from this lack of creativity.Someone once said,Freedom of opinion will never result in animosity among people if they respect each other.As I mentioned earlier,freedom is not an absolute right,and there are too many constraints on it.Firstly,the society rights including national security which is very important.Security is as important as freedom.Our practicing of freedom should never lead to threatening our national security.Secondly,freedom of belief, to believe in what you want and chooses your righteous religion.We also should have the right to establish our own places ,where we perform our religious actions.
Historically, there has been an evident proof that freedom is innate to human and that he will fights as long as he lives to restore his innate right to be a free man .The western civilization guaranteed freedom for its own people,and occupied poor nations and deprived their people from their rights,including freedom.So ,these poor nations fought without rest to restore freedom and autonomy from occupation.Abduction of rights , is not a respectful human action.Since God gave us freedom for free,we must do our best to maintain and keep this right.
Among the most humiliating ways to punish a human, is to deprive him from freedom.When one goes to jail,he is deprived from freedom ,and so he is suffering ,which is the point to punishment.lacking freedom teaches the human lessons ,he will make use of it.Freedom can not be felt right,unless one tastes lack of freedom,then he will really appreciate freedom from his deeps.
Freedom is not absolute.Freedom must be limited.You can not just do what you like and say “I am a free man”.You can not kill,smuggle drugs or violate the laws and rules for freedom sake.There should be respect to other people and their needs.Once, there were two men setting side by side, and some one lifted his own hand and touched the otherٌs nose,the latter complained,the former said “ I am free”, this was as a dismay to the latter who was ready with an appalling answer,and said”The freedom of your hand ends where the freedom of my nose begins”. Yes,the freedom of any one ends where the freedom of another one begins.
Parents must teach their youngsters to be free.They must plant in them the love for freedom.But their freedom must be watched,it shoud not be witout limits.If so, we can censor their behaviour without fear from friends of our children.
Freedom in the teen years is very important for building a good character and stable personality.Teens want to hang around with friends ,do whatever they like, or do not like.They want to experience every thing.If they are given freedom with no limits ,they can go down to the base and may be lost.So we must watch their behaviour,teach them to do what is right and leave what is wrong.Such supervision is,generally not considered a limit or constraint on freedom, it is important for protection of existence.Freedom alone may lead to bad actions and cause destruction in the society.The most important thing that we must care about is enjoying our freedom without harming our security.In hard times, like terrorist attacks, constraints may be imposed on freedom for general protection of the existence of the community, but this is only a timed-condition that shall end soon after catastrophic condition ends.
In summary, freedom is an innate right,humans are born with.Nothing should threaten our freedom,deprive us from our right.Also our right of freedom must never harm any other human being ,directly or indirectly.We must respect freedom of every one in the society.This way we can enjoy our freedom through our life.