A clearly defined research topic is the first step in successful research. Selection of research topic is an essential part of research report, thesis or dissertation. It requires a lot of time, energy and resources to select an appropriate topic for the research. There are different factors which must be considered before the final selection of research topic. Some of the tips for selecting a research topic are given below:
In order to have some idea of various research topics in finance; a list is given below:
Impact of corporate social responsibility on firm’s financial performance
Effect of mutual fund manager’s human capital on their portfolio performance and risk
Determinants of CEO compensation: An empirical study on KSE 100 index companies
Microfinance banks performing more than microfinance institutions in uplifting poverty in (country name)
Affect of investment style on mutual fund performance
Impact of taxation on financial services business location decisions
Effect of gross domestic product on commercial bank’s profitability in (country name)
Effect of inflation rate on banks profitability
Impact of government subsidy on foreign exchange with respect to import of fertilizers
Difference between overall efficiency results of conventional and Islamic banks
Influence of inflation corporate financing discussion of firms
Impact of capital structure on banks performance
Impact of expense ratio on mutual funds returns
The impact of interest rate and CPI on consumer lending
The impact of privatization on the profitability of banks
Impact of liquidity on market capitalization
Impact of economics indicators on loans to private sector
Increase in stock prices due to increase in foreign investment in (country name)
Impact of taxes on corporate dividend policy
The impact of crude oil price on index (e.g. S&P 500 Index)
Impact of dividend policy on shareholder’s wealth
Impact of liquidity ratios on profitability
Role of stock market in economy
Macroeconomic determinant of stock return study on cement and textile sector of (country name)
Impact of activity ratios on profitability in the power and energy sector of (country name)
On incorporating entities, turnover, inflation of minimum stipend fees in (country name)
Role of inflation and factors affecting the inflation in current scenario of (country name)
Impact of inflation and interest rate on investment: Evidence from textile sector of (country name)
Maturity structure of firm’s assets and liabilities
The impact of financial ratios and financing constraints on a firm
Factors affecting corporate liquidity
Impact of stock market volatility on equity premium
Factors explaining the bank profitability
Impact of liquidity on fixed investment
Impact of interest rate on deposit and lending rates
A comparative study of price volatility of shares listed in stock exchange before and after the setup and removal of floor
Affects of taxes of financing decisions on firm value
Intensive bank relationship and firm performance
Affect of public debt on GDP and exchange rate
Impact of discount rate changes on stock market return
Relationship between capital structure and firms performance
Small business (shop keeper) avoid taking loans from banks in (country name) when extra funds needed
Performance of IPO’s in short-run and long-run on S&P 500 Index
Impact of debt capacity on firm’s growth
Impact of financial variables on systematic risk of common stocks: An empirical evidence from firms listed on New York Stock Exchange
Seasonal anomalies in New York Stock Exchange
Relationship between investment and stock returns
An insight of banker’s on Islamic banking in (country name)
The impact of oil price changes on industry stock return in (country name)
Impact of exchange rate on foreign direct investment in (country name)
Impact of electronic system on liquidity
The effect of money supply and CPI on interest rate – A study of (country name)
The effect of degree of financial leverage and degree of operating leverage on the systematic risk of common stock
Change in rate of deposit and its effect on bank deposit in (country name)
Effect of credit rating on capital structure; study on non-financial firms listed on Stock Exchange (e.g. New York Stock Exchange)
Impact of capital on banks earning
The impact of exchange rate on inflation in (country name)
Impact of inflation on poverty in (country name)
Impact of inflation on FDI in (country name)
Impact of inflation on the production crop and manufacturer goods
Impact of education on unemployment rate
The impact of education on unequal income distribution in (country name)
Trend of i-spread in (country name)
Impact of inflation and real wages on labor productivity
Impact of monetary policy on inflation
The article focuses on the strategic planning process of financial management. In order for an organization to be successful, they must create a strategic plan that will position the firm for growth and competitiveness. The senior management team will need to analyze all data, including the financial records, to ensure that the organization can make a profit, remain competitive and be in position for continued growth. The use of the strategic financial process in other sectors is discussed. In addition, there is an exploration of how different types of financial risk are key components in the enterprise risk management process.
In order for an organization to be successful, it must create a strategic plan that will position the firm for growth and competitiveness. The senior management team will need to analyze all data, including the financial records, to ensure that the organization can make a profit, remain competitive and be in position for continued growth. "In discussing corporate financial strategy, the question can well be asked as to how strategy differs from more modest decision making" (Bierman, 1980, p. 1).
Bierman (1980) provided five elements and four approaches that he believed should be considered by corporate financial managers as they planned their strategies for the organizations in which they worked. The five elements were to:
- Identify the problems and opportunities that existed.
- Set goals and objectives.
- Develop a procedure for providing potential solutions or "paths" that the organization could follow in order to find a solution.
- Choose the best solution given the possible solutions and the organization's objectives.
- Implement a review process where the best solution can be evaluated on its performance.
These elements are very broad so that the corporate finance manager has an opportunity to consider a wide range of financial decisions. For example, the organization's main goal may be to pursue substantial growth with minimum risk. Therefore, the financial management team has to take these factors into consideration when developing the strategic financial plan for the organization.
Financial Planning in Other Sectors
Although the focus of this article is on corporate finance, strategic financial planning is important in other sectors as well. Having a sound financial planning process is essential to a healthy organization. This section discusses how a non-profit organization evaluated its financial position and implemented processes in order to keep them on track.
A social service organization (Making Ends Meet, n.d.) identified four important stages in the financial planning process. These stages are: Reviewing the past, forecasting the future, setting strategies and plans, and setting annual budgets. Each of these phases is of equal importance and some of the tasks at each phase include:Reviewing the past:
- Audit current and recent trends in demand and consumption.
- Watch the trends in funding streams.
- Follow and research the true performance and results, such as end-of-year position and conduct against certain signs for social services.
- Collect similar research regarding the real costs incurred and the cost drivers.
- Review the results and evaluate the recommendations from any additional research reports and administration letters from outside auditors.
- Evaluate the force behind countries' policies and plans of action.
- Find and approximate levels of the differing funding streams.
- Review the force of nearby policy initiatives and prerogatives.
- Decide what the future results of known trends may be in relation to supply and demand.
- Recognize the economic significance of demographic tends and similar drivers of demand that the council does not control.
- Include the recognition of institutional context for strategic planning.
- Include the linking of economic planning with service, human resources and asset management initiatives.
- Include the collection of research on the knowledge and abilities needed in order to effectively budget all levels of organizational management.
- Include the engagement of every key stakeholder in the planning of strategic finances.
- Come to consensus on what the budget process should be.
- Make sure that budgets include the recognition of financial plans.
- Integrate budget managers into budget setting initiatives.
- Connect every commitment and foreseen change in demand with the nearby and usable resources.
- React to unintended and unforeseen differences.
- Review budget structures.
- Engage with key stakeholders.
- Make sure that short term choices regarding budget setting don't weaken the priorities of long-term strategizing.
As the organization goes through the process, key decision makers should determine the types of policies that need to be in effect in order to be successful at each of the individual phases. Although these steps apply to a non-profit organization, the steps are valuable for any type of organization. Therefore, the corporate sector may benefit by comparing and contrasting how each of the sectors operate and discussing what works for both.
With scandals such as Enron, one would think that corporations would adhere to ethical standards. Unfortunately, many view companies like Enron as the "ones that got caught," and changes have not occurred in the operations of some businesses because the issue has not been taken seriously. However, the trend is changing. According to a survey conducted in January, 2007 by the Risk Management Association (RMA), many organizations "are moving toward a fully integrated enterprise risk management approach where a myriad of risk types are measured and many of the processes automated and...