“Corruption, is a kind of allurement, psychologically encourage the human being to do or not to do anything in order to make personal gains whether in kind, cash or otherwise.”
Corruption is a global phenomenon, found in one shape or the other whether the country is a democratic, kingship, Socialist or Communist, developing or a developed. Hardly a country is free from the clutches of the devil of corruption. The subject of corruption figures in every international summit, as almost all the countries have fallen under its grip.
A recent World Bank survey reveals that the corruption as on date, involves those responsible for making laws, responsible to execute the policies and laws of the nation that means the politicians, bureaucrats are mostly involved involved in corruption. The survey points out that "Corruption is the most infallible symptom of constitutional and administrative liberty."
The 1999 report on Human Development in South Asia that covers India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Shri Lanka and Nepal finds the corruption as the most damaging resulting of poor governance. According to the report, "Corruption undermined investment and economic growth and deepened the extent of poverty". The report also characterized the South Asian countries engulfed with corruption, that to a great extent responsible for their slow progress. The peculiarity of corruption in these countries is summarized in the following points:
(1) Corruption begins at the top and so distorts on developmental programmes and priorities.
(2) Money earned through corruption is smuggled abroad in safe havens and not ploughed back into the domestic economy.
(3) Corruption generally leads to promotion, not punishment and the sharks, unless they belong to opposition rarely caught. If caught, manage to escape in due course of time, as judicial system takes unreasonably longtime to dispose off the cases.
In India, corruption has become a way of life. In the words of Nitin Chakravarty. the columnist, "As much as 70% of all developmental budgets are estimated to be cornered by politicians, bureaucrats and contractors","
The corruption is so rampant in India that is regarded as a land which abounds in political opportunism, avarice, crime, and where everything is possible, but with money and bribe.
It is not only shocking but also disgusting that the legacy of honesty, dedication, austerity, public service and patriotism, the ethical and moral values which the leaders of the past like 'Gandhi, Nehru, Subhash, Patel and others cherished so dearly, are being squandered away by the corrupt and power hungry political leaders. It becomes a matter of introspections as to why and how the politicians even as popular representatives should acquiesce, pejorative connotations, questions the T,N,Chaturvedi the former CAG of India,
It is assigned that with progress and advancement, corruption is inevitable and permissible, that it is found every where even in the developed countries and that one should first mind only the efficiency and performance of the system and not of its ethics, It is true that corruption has become a global phenomenon, found everywhere, but the common man is not so hardly affected by it as in India. Efficiency is important but at the cost of ethics is self-destroying.
Gandhiji once said, "To check corruption, we require a high code of morals, extreme vigilance on the part of those who are free from the corrupt practices."
Even today, idealism in common men, all over the world is not totally dead. The corrupt leaders are in many cases discarded by the people in elections or whenever they got such an opportunity. Even today we find personalities like Joginder Singh, Ex, CBI Chief, Anna Hazare, T.N. Sheshan and so many who did not bow to the wishes and whims of the politicians and worked fearlessly.
The Rig Veda says that only ethically pure and intellectually capable persons should be allowed to administer the country. The Atharva Veda considers it the duty of the citizens to see that only the competent are at the helm and that those in power remain ethical and conscientious lest their inherent greed should harm the country.
Various measures can be suggested to kill the devil of corruption like transparency in public life, stringent laws to deal with the corruption cases, electoral reforms to check the misuse of money and muscle powers, reform in judiciary system, to quicken the disposal of cases of corruption etc, but the foremost duty and responsibility lies with the common mass. It has become customary to indict the politicians, bureaucrats, police and corporate businessmen for the flourishing of corruption in the society. Undoubtedly it is they who have made the corruption creped into every fiber and fabric of body politic of our nation.
But can we escape the criticism and responsibility when we ourselves are the part and parcel of the social paraphernalia that is actuated largely by materialistic considerations ? How many of us, believe in the maxim of ‘Simple living and high thinking? How many of us, value ideals of honesty, dedication to work, and purify of spirit ? To earn money is not a bad thing, but to earn by unfair means, immoral acts, is condemnable . Lofty ideals look good on paper, to fight the menace of corruption prevailed throughout the world, a multipronged actions are required to be taken.
Corruption can be checked when the rulers themselves set an example for the common men to follow. How can we expect the lower rungs of the society to tread the path of righteousness, when the higher echelons are totally tainted? One should remember: "Lilies that fester smell for worse than weeds , says W.,Shakespeare. People follow the elders, the leaders and the persons in authority. If the so called leaders are fully sunk in the ocean of corruption, then who can save then the nation To fight the demon of corruption, not only the politicians but also the common men have to strive hard sincerely, honestly and with determination, Vigilant and awakened people can prove to be competent army under the leadership of an honest and dedicated leader to fight the evil and devil of corruption.
CORRUPTION IN INDIA
THE CHALLENGE OF CORRUPTION IN THE COUNTRY TODAY
ARE ALL POLITICIANS CORRUPT?
“Corruption is a tree, whose branches are of an immeasurable length; they spread everywhere.”
—- Beaumont and Fletcher
Corruption, in one form or another, is a worldwide phenomenon. But everyone admits that corruption is something ugly, immoral and detestable. Unfortunately, in our country, corruption has become a part of life. It has entered the very roots of the Indian society. Corruption, nepotism and dishonesty have tarnished every fabric of our social life. Our ministers are corrupt; our officers are corrupt; our people are corrupt. Every politician, without exception, is corrupt. Even our anti-corruption departments fall an easy prey to the viles of the corrupt persons and they let them go scot free after minor punishment. The law of a land is too weak to deal with the corrupt elements with an iron hand. The vested interests rule the roost. Everybody feels helpless in such a state of affairs. Some people have even started talking of the nationalization of corruption in the country. They argue that we should frankly admit that we are a corrupt nation and that we cannot do without it. It is a matter of shame and regret for all thee who care to hear the call of their conscience. One feels like crying out with Shakespeare.
“O that estate degrees and offices were not derived corruptly.
And that clear honour were purchased by the merit of the wearer!”
Corruption is prevailing at all levels – economic, social, administrative, moral and spiritual. During the past few years, the images of the country has been defaced beyond redemption. A large number of scams, involving top politicians, administrators and VVIPs have come to light. These scams, most of them unearthed by the Central Bureau of Investigation, involve huge sums running into thousands of crores. They have shaken the entire conscience of the country to the bones. The law enforcing agencies are seeking the help of the judicial process to bring the culprits to book. The judicial system however, is full of flaws and the culprits do not find it very difficult to cleverly escape the legal net. The skeletons in a large number of cup-boards are however, coming out and many mightly ministers, politicians and bureaucrats and being exposed. Law might take decades to assert but it has been fully established that we are a nation full of corrupt elements.
Strongholds of corruption are the departments like the P.W.D., Railways, Tele-communication, Banks, department dealing with exports and imports, taxes, quota-permits and licences. Documents and office files to not move unless we grease the plam of the concerned officials. One cannot get the official copy of court judgment from the copying agency in a court unless one pays a fat sum to the agency typist in addition to the official court fee. One can get one’s seat in a train booked easily if one is prepared to pay an extra tip to the booking clerk. An honest man’s application is subjected to delay by red-tapism. Corruption in administrative offices has reached the saturation point Banks, too are, not free from corruption. People are beginning to take corruption for granted. The root cause of corruption is red tape or delay. Persons found guilty should be punished severely. Exemplary punishments should be given to corrupt officials, national character should be improved. Smugglers, black0marketeers and hoarders should be severely dealt with.
Social and spiritual organizations can give a good healthy education to the public. Strong boards like the U.P.S.C. should be organized to deal with anti-social elements. Persons of strong character should be employed. The Government employees must be told to withstand any temptation while discharging their duties. Such officials as lay down noble standards of honesty and efficiency, should be encouraged and honoured at public functions. Dishonest public servants should not only be dismissed, but should also be publicly flogged and put behind the bards. The education system of the country should be re-oriented to inculcate a spirit of honesty amongst the people.
All ministers and public servants should be made to declare their assets. The vigilance department should keep a constant eye on the corrupt officers and other public servants. Ministes and senior officials must set noble examples of an honest living free from corruption, brivery, nepotism and immorality. The law of the land should be provided with more teeth to deal with the corrupt elements. Corruption, at any level, is bad. The Government should launch a vigorous campaign against this social evil. Charity, however, must begin at home.
Evils, it is said, percolate in any society from the top. The topmost people in the country must present model examples of conduct and behavior. They should be completely above board in their dealings and should be honest to a fault. One must not only be honest but one must also be above doubt. Once we are able to curb. Corruption nepotism and bribery in high places, we shall be soon able to root out the evil of corruption from the entire society. May God help us in our object !
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